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The impact of sanitary and phytosanitary measures, and of technical regulations on Argentine exports of apples and pears

Author: 
Carlos D´Elía, Carlos Galperín, Gabriel Michelena and Adriana Molina

This paper assesses, in quantitative terms, the impact of sanitary and phytosanitary measures, and of technical regulations on Argentine exports of apples and pears, with the aim of analysing the restrictive effects these measures may have on trade. To this end, we used both the inventory method and a gravity model.

The analysis carried out with the inventory method shows an increase in the amount of sanitary and technical measures notified to the World Trade Organization (WTO) that affect Argentine exports of apples and pears. This type of measure involves over 60% of the exports of these products.

The results obtained through a gravity model show that these measures have a restrictive effect on Argentine exports of apples and pears: in the period 1995-2010, the Argentine exports of these products to destinations that have notified such measures were 25% lower than the exports to countries that have not notified any measure.

Numeration: 
3
Type: